A mere 2.5 million light-years away, the Andromeda Galaxy really is just next door as large galaxies go.
So close, and spanning some 260,000 light-years, it took 11 different image fields from the Galaxy Evolution Explorer (GALEX) satellite’s telescope to produce this gorgeous portrait of the spiral galaxy in ultraviolet light. While its spiral arms stand out in visible light images of Andromeda, the arms look more like rings in the GALEX ultraviolet view, dominated by hot, young, massive stars.
As sites of intense star formation, the rings have been interpreted as evidence Andromeda collided with its smaller neighboring elliptical galaxy more than 200 million years ago. The large Andromeda galaxy and our own Milky Way are the dominant members of the local galaxy group.